Artificial intelligence is the wave of the future in terms of technology and our perception of it. Because of the recent inflow of personal assistants from companies such as Amazon’s Echo and Google’s Home, it’s clear that the field of artificial intelligence is developing rapidly. With the capacity to learn and adapt to their surroundings, computers have the potential to be game-changers in the way we interact with them. For example, autonomous vehicles, manufactured by companies such as Tesla and many others, use multiple sensors, whether sonar or optical, to take in their environment and, using artificial intelligence, determine whether they need to speed up, slow down, change lanes, or do anything else in response. However, this is just one example of how artificial intelligence is put to use; there are many more.

While artificial intelligence is software-based, its primary use is in the control of robots. A basic example of technology that is presently in use would be a Roomba vacuum cleaner. After bumping against a wall, the tiny vacuum is instructed to turn around and go in a different direction until the room is clean or the battery runs low, at which point it returns to the docking station. One example of this that is more sophisticated would be a fully-fledged humanoid robot. Consider the following scenario: you’re twenty years into the future and you enter a nursing home. You’ll almost certainly see a lot of robots that are utilizing artificial intelligence to take care of patients. Its artificial intelligence will be able to take care of the patients and their requirements by learning from and adjusting to the needs of the patients in their immediate surroundings. Whether it’s maintaining track of a patient’s requirements, such as keeping them well or assisting them in getting about. They would also be able to monitor the patient’s vital signs and use their expertise to determine whether or not they need medication or whether or not they are at a greater danger of something like heat stroke as a result of spending the whole day outdoors.

Surgery is another great use of artificial intelligence. Robotic operations are the wave of the future because they are considerably more accurate than the conventional methods of doing surgery. Let’s take the DaVinci surgical system at the University of Pennsylvania hospital, which utilizes robotic assistance to help doctors during surgeries. Its precision and accuracy have reduced recuperation time and have assisted numerous individuals who have had very difficult operations. Now imagine removing the doctor and replacing him or her with artificial intelligence (AI) that can adapt to the situation, make life-changing decisions in milliseconds, and has more knowledge than most doctors due to the fact that it has an entire database of medical information at its disposal that it can recall to any of it as quickly as it is required.

To summarize, artificial intelligence (AI) is the technology of the future and will change many areas of our lives. From the way we drive to the way we operate as we get older, we are all influenced by our environment. The combined strength of knowledge and machine learning may open up a plethora of new possibilities and applications for both technologies.

The impact of artificial intelligence

Negative impact

The following questions have been raised: With the advancement of artificial intelligence, human work will become obsolete since everything can be done automatically. Will humans grow more sluggish and ultimately deteriorate to the point where we revert to our most basic state of existence? Due to the fact that evolution takes millennia to complete, we will not be able to observe the regressive behavior of humanity. Suppose the AI grows so strong that it can program itself to be in command and defy the orders issued by its master, the human race? What happens then?

1.There will be a significant societal shift that will alter the way we interact with one another as members of human society. Humanity must be resourceful in order to survive, but with the assistance of artificial intelligence, we can simply design a computer to do a task for us without ever lifting a finger. As artificial intelligence (AI) replaces the requirement for individuals to meet face to face for idea exchange, human intimacy will progressively deteriorate. Because human gatherings will no longer be required for communication, artificial intelligence will act as a buffer between individuals.

2.Unemployment will be the next issue to arise as a result of the replacement of many manual jobs by machines. Many car assembly lines are now dominated by machines and robots, which has resulted in the displacement of many traditionally employed people. Even at supermarkets, shop clerks will no longer be required since digital devices will be able to do the tasks now performed by humans.

3.Wealth disparity will be generated as a result of the fact that the investors in AI will get the lion’s share of the profits. The wealth disparity between wealthy and poor will continue to grow. The so-called “M” shape of wealth distribution will become increasingly visible as a result of this.

4.New issues arise not only in a social sense but also in the field of artificial intelligence itself, as the AI that is being trained and learned how to operate the given task can eventually take off to the point where the human is no longer in control, resulting in unanticipated problems and outcomes. It refers to the ability of artificial intelligence (AI) to autonomously operate on its own path after being loaded with the necessary algorithms and disregarding the commands provided by a human controller.

5.The human creators of artificial intelligence may develop something with racial prejudice or that is egocentrically focused in order to damage particular people or objects. For example, the United Nations has decided to restrict the spread of nuclear power because of concern that it would be used indiscriminately to kill humanity or will be targeted against certain races or regions in order to accomplish the aim of dominance. It is conceivable for artificial intelligence to target a certain race or a specific programmed item in order to carry out the programmers’ instruction to destroy the planet, resulting in a global catastrophe.

Positive impact

There are, on the other hand, many beneficial effects on people, particularly in the area of health and medicine. Artificial intelligence (AI) provides computers with the ability to learn, reason, and apply logic. By collaborating on AI-based medical diagnostic and treatment systems, scientists, medical researchers, doctors, mathematicians, and engineers may create systems of healthcare delivery that are dependable and safe for all patients. As health professors and medical researchers strive to discover new and more efficient methods of treating illnesses, not only can the digital computer help in processing data but robotic systems may also be developed to perform certain sensitive medical operations with pinpoint accuracy and precision. Here is an example of artificial intelligence’s contribution to health care.

1.Diagnostics that are quick and accurate

The Watson computer from IBM was employed to diagnose the patient, and the results were intriguing. Loading the data into the computer will result in an instantaneous diagnostic from AI. In addition, artificial intelligence can offer doctors with a variety of therapy options to examine. According to the process, the digital findings of physical examination are loaded into a computer, which considers all possibilities and automatically determines whether or not the patient has certain defects and illnesses, as well as suggesting different types of possible treatment options.

2.Robots that are socially therapeutic

Pets are suggested for elderly people to help them relax and decrease their blood pressure, anxiety, and loneliness, while also increasing their social contact and stimulating their minds. Now, cyborgs are being proposed to accompany people who are lonely in their old age, and even to assist with certain household tasks. [12] The use of therapeutic robots and socially assistive robot technologies may help enhance the quality of life for elderly and physically challenged individuals.

3.Reduce the number of mistakes caused by human tiredness.

Human mistake in the workplace is unavoidable and often expensive; the greater the degree of tiredness, the greater the likelihood that errors will occur. Technology, on the other hand, is not affected by tiredness or emotional distraction. It reduces the chance of making mistakes and allows you to do the task more quickly and correctly.

4.Contribution of artificial intelligence in surgical procedures

People have had the option to select from a variety of artificial intelligence-based surgical treatments. Despite the fact that this artificial intelligence still requires the supervision of medical experts, it is capable of completing the task with less harm to the body. Da Vinci surgical system, a robotic technology that allows surgeons to conduct minimally invasive operations, is currently accessible in the majority of hospitals in the United States. These technologies are capable of achieving a level of precision and accuracy that is much superior to that achieved by manual methods. The less intrusive the operation, the less trauma it will cause, as well as less blood loss and worry on the part of the people undergoing the procedure.

5.Radiology has been improved.

In 1971, the first computed tomography scanners were made available for use. 1977 was the year when the first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the human body was performed. By the early 2000s, heart magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and prenatal imaging had all become commonplace. The quest for new algorithms to identify particular illnesses and to evaluate the findings of scans continues [9], as does the development of new algorithms. All of these things are the result of the advancement of artificial intelligence technologies.

6.Presence on the internet

The use of virtual presence technology may make it possible to diagnose illnesses from a distance. The patient does not have to leave his or her bed, but physicians may check on the patient without physically being there by utilizing a remote presence robot. Health professionals may move about and engage with patients nearly as effectively as if they were in the same room as the patients. This enables experts to help patients who are unable to travel due to illness or injury.


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